From (The Truth About Protein Absorption: How Often You Should Eat Protein to Build Muscle):
When you eat protein, your stomach uses its acid and enzymes to break it down into its building blocks, amino acids. These molecules are transported into the bloodstream by special cells that line the small intestine, and are then delivered to various parts of the body. Your small intestine only has so many transporter cells, which limits the amount of amino acids that can be infused into your blood every hour.
The article goes on to say that different proteins sources are absorbed at different rates.
According to one review, whey clocks in at 8 to 10 grams absorbed per hour, casein at ~6.1 g/hr, soy at ~3.9 g/hr, and cooked egg at ~2.9 g/hr.
Here’s a really interesting point that I didn’t know about:
For instance, the presence of protein in the stomach stimulates the production of a hormone that delays “gastric emptying” (the emptying of the food from the stomach). This slows down intestinal contractions and thus how quickly the food moves through the small intestine, where nutrients are absorbed. This is one of the ways your body “buys the time” it needs to absorb the protein you eat.
That seems to be the mechanism by which protein gets processed by the body. That’s how the area under the curve for protein is so long.
The article goes on to say that:
Carbohydrates and fats can move through your small intestine and be fully absorbed while the protein is still being worked on.
The page then quoted a study (Protein feeding pattern does not affect protein retention in young women) which indicated that it doesn’t matter if the protein is consumed all at one time (Intermittent Fasting style) or over the course of the entire day.
It was higher during the experimental period, but not significantly different in the women fed the spread or the pulse patterns [59 +/- 12 and 36 +/- 8 mg N/(kg fat-free mass. d) respectively]. No significant effects of the protein feeding pattern were detected on either whole-body protein turnover [5.5 +/- 0.2 vs. 6.1 +/- 0.3 g protein/(kg fat-free mass. d) for spread and pulse pattern, respectively] or whole-body protein synthesis and protein breakdown. Thus, in young women, these protein feeding patterns did not have significantly different effects on protein retention.
Today is the third day I have been off Metformin. My Blood Glucose numbers have tended up but not horribly. About 10 increase. I am no longer seeing numbers from 95-115 and am now seeing numbers from 105-125 instead. Not too bad really. If the upward trend continues I will add back in Metformin. If it flattens out I will stick with removing Metformin. If Metformin reduces gluconeogensis by 33%, I really don’t see it in my own numbers. I should be seeing numbers that are 33% higher not 10% higher.
Work scale shows I am down 23 lbs since Aug 5th. I started about July 31 (four weeks now). Not sure what my initial weight was but my guess is that I am down about 30 lbs so far.
I am going out for dinner with the kiddos tonight so it will be out to somewhere that I can do LCHF easily. We have done Jimmy John’s (order the lettuce wrap and the JJ Gargantuan) as well as Five Guys Burgers and Fries (skip the fries and order the burger “bunless”). Harder to find suitable choices at places like Applebee’s.
Still doing the Intermittent Fasting (IF). Yesterday I ate from 5 PM to 6:30 PM with a final snack at 8:30 PM of some ParmCrisps.
Butter and garlic sauce sounds like a good idea.
Butter in off-the-shelf low carb sauces sounds like another good idea.
I was eating a lot of chicken wings thinking they are Low Carb. And when it comes to carbs, they are. Well, sorta. Here is the nutritional information for chicken wings. Note they took away the skin which has fat.
A wing without skin has 43 calories where 24 of the calories come from Protein. 15 Calories come from Fat. That’s only 35% of calories from fat. Not LCHF at all. That’s LCHP, not the goal for a diabetic.
What happens with the Protein? Suppose you have 6 wings. That’s 36 grams of Protein. But half of that gets converted to Glucose. That’s 18 grams of carbs (equivalent).
Leaving the skin on helps quite a bit. It is the best part after all. Here’s the wing with the skin.
Fat is 5.4*9=48.6 calories from fat = 60%
Protein is 29.8 calories from protein = 37%
A half dozen whole wings is 44 grams of protein with the glucose equivalent of 22 grams of carbs. No wonder I used to need to pump under such a protein load. It wasn’t spread out like my carb load was. It would last around twice as long. But it still had a load for Insulin response.
How many macronutrients do you need to do LCHF? There’s an on-line Keto Calculator.
It projects your rate of weight loss based on the values you selected. You can even download this data as a CSV (EXCEL) file.
Here’s my daily macronutrient goals (yours will vary):
I have been shooting for a higher percentage from fat due to my Diabetes. I am too good at converting protein into glucose.
I am now at my 1992 weight. I remember the weight very well since I had started a new job with a very tight deadline. It meant I worked 60 hours a week for the first six weeks of the job. The company brought in pizza for us every night and I gained weight. When I got around to weighing myself that meant I was up. That’s the number that I remember. The good news is that I am at that weight now. Not too bad to be at the same weight I was at 24 years ago.
Wish I had weighed myself at the start of this. I am down more than 20 lbs so far for sure.
Didn’t take Metformin yesterday. My waking Blood Sugar was 101 which is a bit higher than yesterday. I am going to try this out for a couple of days to see if there’s a change.
Still doing LCHF+IF (of course).
2 Keto Dudes Podcasts. Entertaining Guys. A couple episodes have salty language.
Interesting study of a woman who went into remission of her Diabetes (Case Study: Remission of Type 2 Diabetes After Outpatient Basal Insulin Therapy).
However, a few studies have demonstrated that drug-free glycemic control can be achieved in type 2 diabetes for 12 months on average after a 2-week continuous insulin infusion.
They felt that her instance was a one-off.
Here, we describe an unusual case of a 26-month drug holiday induced with outpatient basal insulin in a patient newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
She was in a bad way when diagnosed. I have never seen a A1C value this high:
A 69-year-old white woman (weight 72.7 kg, height 59 inches, BMI 32.3 kg/m2) was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in June 2011. She presented with an A1C of 17.6% (target <7%) and a fasting blood glucose (FBG) of 452 mg/dL (target 70–130 mg/dL).
What comes next is interesting.
She reported recently initiating a cinnamon supplement and switching her beverage intake from sugar-sweetened products to water and diet soda. Although the majority of her fasting SMBG values were controlled (80–110 mg/dL), she had experienced six hypoglycemic episodes (FBG 13–64 mg/dL). All values were objectively confirmed in the patient’s glucose meter, and the meter was replaced in case of device error.
So she added cinnamon and dropped sugar sodas and got fine. The doctors discounted most of that as you read on.
Another data point was:
During the drug-free period of March 2012 to May 2014, the patient maintained her lack of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. However, she reported having difficulties purchasing healthy food options because of financial constraints.
The conclusion was entertaining:
The purposeful remission of diabetes is not widely attempted or generally considered possible.
One good thing about the pump is that it logs a lot of data. One of the things it logs is use of carbohydrates. I decided to dig back though my pump data and see how many grams of carbs I was eating per day before switching to LCHF+IF. I thought I was eating relatively low carb. Turns out I was way wrong. Here’s the chart.
Average was 200 grams of carbohydrates a day. Below the recommended daily amount.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that carbohydrates make up 45 to 65 percent of your total daily calories. So, if you get 2,000 calories a day, between 900 and 1,300 calories should be from carbohydrates. That translates to between 225 and 325 grams of carbohydrates a day.
So my own highest day was below the recommended range and my lowest days were less than half the recommended value. So, on the Recommended Daily Guidelines I should have been eating more carbohydrates. Something like 75 more grams a day.
Yes, folks, we are letting the nutritionists in our government keep us fat, dumb and happy. And sick. Very sick.
Things are going really well on LCHF+IF. Here’s my Insulin use.
Here is my Blood Glucose levels:
My Blood Glucose level continues to fall since getting off Insulin completely. It is averaging around 100 every day which seems like a decent number for where I am at (just 4 weeks in).
I am eating LCHF and doing IF. I didn’t weigh myself at the start, but I am down more than 20 lbs now.
Decide today I would cut my Metformin to 1x with my dinner meal. Eliminated my statin earlier this week as well as my Niacin tablet.