RPP-UIO-16

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Contents

Universal I/O Hat for the Raspberry Pi A+/B+/Pi 2

Hat that allows 3.3V and 5V devices to be easily connected to the Raspberry Pi Models A+, B+ and Pi 2.

RPP-UIO-16IMG 5267-640pv.jpg

Board Design

This board is modeled on the Arduino Sensor Shields, also known as GVS shields. Arduino Sensor Shields bring out the pins of the Arduino to GVS (set of Ground, Voltage and Signal) pins. Unfortunately, the Raspberry Pi can't work with the same 5V GVS sensors and devices as the Arduino since the Raspberry Pi has 3.3V I/O.

The RasPi-Plus-GVS-Cfg card allows the Raspberry Pi Model B+ to communicate with the same 5V sensors by performing voltage translation from the 3.3V of the Raspberry Pi to 5V.

Features

  • All Raspberry Pi I/O lines
  • 16-bit bidirectional 3.3V to 5V level translator
  • Configuration EEPROM
  • Fuses on power
  • External 5V Terminal Block

Raspberry Pi I/O lines

All of the Raspberry Pi Model B+ I/O connections are brought to GVS connectors. This is:

  • (17) GPIO lines on GVS connectors
  • (2) SPI interfaces (can be used as 5 GPIO lines)
  • (1) UART interface (can be used as 2 GPIO lines)
  • (1) I2C interface (can be used as 2 GPIO lines)

Level translators

The RPP-UIO-16 board uses two of 8-bit wide Texas Instrument TXS0108 voltage translator to convert up to 16 of the 3.3V I/O lines to 5V I/O levels.

Voltage Translators Features

  • No Direction-Control Signal Needed
  • Max Data Rates
    • 60 Mbps (Push Pull)
    • 2 Mbps (Open Drain)
  • 1.2 V to 3.6 V on A Port and 1.65 V to 5.5 V on
  • B Port (VCCA ≤ VCCB)
  • No Power-Supply Sequencing Required –
    • Either VCCA or VCCB Can Be Ramped First
  • Latch-Up Performance Exceeds 100 mA Per JESD 78, Class II
  • ESD Protection Exceeds JESD 22 (A Port)
    • 2000-V Human-Body Model (A114-B)
    • 150-V Machine Model (A115-A)
    • 1000-V Charged-Device Model (C101)
  • IEC 61000-4-2 ESD (B Port)
    • ±6-kV Air-Gap Discharge
    • ±8-kV Contact Discharge

Voltage Translators Architecture

Datasheet

The TXS0108E can be used in level-translation applications for interfacing devices or systems operating at different interface voltages with one another. The TXS0108E is ideal for use in applications where an open-drain driver is connected to the data I/Os. The TXS0108E can also be used in applications where a push-pull driver is connected to the data I/Os, but the TXB0104 might be a better option for such push-pull applications. The TXS0108E device is a semi-buffered auto-direction-sensing voltage translator design is optimized for translation applications (e.g. MMC Card Interfaces) that require the system to start out in a low-speed open-drain mode and then switch to a higher speed push-pull mode.

TXS0108Arch.PNG

To address these application requirements, a semi-buffered architecture design is used and is illustrated above (see Figure 1). Edge-rate accelerator circuitry (for both the high-to-low and low-to-high edges), a High-Ron n-channel pass-gate transistor (on the order of 300 Ω to 500 Ω) and pull-up resistors (to provide DC-bias and drive capabilities) are included to realize this solution. A direction-control signal (to control the direction of data flow from A to B or from B to A) is not needed. The resulting implementation supports both low-speed open-drain operation as well as high-speed push-pull operation.

When transmitting data from A to B ports, during a rising edge the One-Shot (OS3) turns on the PMOS transistor (P2) for a short-duration and this speeds up the low-to-high transition. Similarly, during a falling edge, when transmitting data from A to B, the One-Shot (OS4) turns on NMOS transistor (N2) for a short-duration and this speeds up the high-to-low transition. The B-port edge-rate accelerator consists of one-shots OS3 and OS4, Transistors P2 and N2 and serves to rapidly force the B port high or low when a corresponding transition is detected on the A port.

When transmitting data from B to A ports, during a rising edge the One-Shot (OS1) turns on the PMOS transistor (P1) for a short-duration and this speeds up the low-to-high transition. Similarly, during a falling edge, when transmitting data from B to A, the One-Shot (OS2) turns on NMOS transistor (N1) for a short-duration and this speeds up the high-to-low transition. The A-port edge-rate accelerator consists of one-shots OS1 and OS2, Transistors P1 and N1 components and form the edge-rate accelerator and serves to rapidly force the A port high or low when a corresponding transition is detected on the B port.

Fuses

  • The board has Resettable fuses on the 3.3V and 5V from the Raspberry Pi.
  • These fuses protect your Raspberry Pi from overloads.
  • These fuses are 1 Amp PTC fuses - PTS12066V100
  • PTC fuses have certain advantages (they are self healing) and disadvantages (they are not like a wire fuse which acts like a switch).
  • If you trust your wiring you may choose to solder a wire over the fuse.
    • Care should be taken when doing so.

Configuration EEPROM

The card has a Raspberry Pi Model B+ configuration EEPROM.

3.3V Connectors

The following are all 3.3VDC connections.

Raspberry Pi B Plus GPIO Connector

J8 on the Pi.

Bplus-gpio-edited.png

I2C bus

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. SDA
  4. SCL

UART I/F

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. TxD
  4. RxD

IO_4 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_4

IO_18 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_18

IO_17 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_17

IO_27 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_27

IO_23 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_23

IO_22 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_22

IO_24 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_24

IO_25 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_25

SPI0 (Serial Peripheral Interface)

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. MOSI
  4. MISO
  5. SCK
  6. CE0

SPI1 (Serial Peripheral Interface)

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. MOSI
  4. MISO
  5. SCK
  6. CE1

IO_5 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_5

IO_6 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_6

IO_12 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_12

IO_13 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_13

IO_19 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_19

IO_16 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_16

IO_26 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_26

IO_20 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_20

IO_21 GVS

  1. GND
  2. 3.3V
  3. GPIO_21

J22 - EEPROM Address/Write Enable Header - Rev X2 Hat

  • Write Enable - Install header to allow writes to EEPROM
  • Remove header to protect EEPROM contents from accidental writes

J23 - Voltage translator, 3V side

  • V3-0 = Bit 1
  • V3-1 = Bit 2
  • V3-2 = Bit 3
  • V3-3 = Bit 4
  • V3-4 = Bit 5
  • V3-5 = Bit 6
  • V3-6 = Bit 7
  • V3-7 = Bit 8
  • V3-8 = Bit 9
  • V3-9 = Bit 10
  • V3-A = Bit 11
  • V3-B = Bit 12
  • V3-C = Bit 13
  • V3-D = Bit 14
  • V3-E = Bit 15
  • V3-F = Bit 16

5V Connectors

The following are 5V connectors.

V5-0 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit0

V5-1 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit1

V5-2 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit2

V5-3 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit3

V5-4 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit4

V5-5 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit5

V5-6 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit6

V5-7 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit7

V5-8 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit8

V5-9 - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit9

V5-A - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit10

V5-B - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit11

V5-C - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit12

V5-D - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit13

V5-E - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit14

V5-F - GVS connector, 5V side

  1. Ground
  2. +5V
  3. Bit15

Layout

Kickstarter Edition

RPP-UIO-16-X2-CAD.PNG

Assembly Sheet

RPP-UIO-16 Assembly Sheet

Design Validation Testing - Rev X1 Board

RASPI-PLUS-GVS-CFG DVT

Factory Acceptance Tests (FAT)

Hardware

FAT requires the following:

  • Raspberry Pi Model B+ or equivalent (RasPi)
  • Power supply for Raspberry Pi (5V at 1 Amp min) with Micro USB connector
  • Monitor, Keyboard or Ethernet cable and laptop running puTTY
  • Test Software loaded onto RasPi
  • (2) LED-Test card
  • Cable set
  • Unit Under Test (UUT)

Preliminary

  • Install UUT onto RasPi
  • Install Cables
  • Power up card
  • Log into RasPi
pi
raspberry
 

I2C

  • Install WE jumper
cd ~/RasPi/RPP-UIO-16/eeprom/
sudo ./eep2flash.sh -w -t=24c32 -f=eepcfg.eep
sudo ./eep2flash.sh -r -t=24c32 -f=myeep.eep 
rm stuff.eep
./eepdump myeep.eep stuff.eep 
more stuff.eep | grep vendor
more stuff.eep | grep "product "
 
  • Verify:
vendor "land-boards.com"   # length=15
product "RPP-UIO-16"   # length=10
  • Remove WE jumper
cd ~/RasPi/RPP-UIO-16/eeprom/
sudo ./eep2flash.sh -w -t=24c32 -f=eepcfg.eep
 
  • Verify
Writing...
dd: writing `/sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-0/0-0050/eeprom': Connection timed out
0+1 records in
0+0 records out
0 bytes (0 B) copied, 0.0564552 s, 0.0 kB/s
Error doing I/O operation.
Ctrl-C to halt
 

GVS Connector - Blink LEDs Tests

  • On RasPi console:
cd ~/RasPi/RPP-UIO-16/
sudo python blinkLEDs-RPP-UIO-16.py
 
  • LEDs should cycle

Combined Copy/paste

cd ~/RasPi/RPP-UIO-16/eeprom/
sudo ./eep2flash.sh -w -t=24c32 -f=eepcfg.eep
sudo ./eep2flash.sh -r -t=24c32 -f=myeep.eep 
rm stuff.eep
./eepdump myeep.eep stuff.eep 
more stuff.eep | grep vendor
more stuff.eep | grep "product "
 
cd ~/RasPi/RPP-UIO-16/eeprom/
sudo ./eep2flash.sh -w -t=24c32 -f=eepcfg.eep
 
cd ~/RasPi/RPP-UIO-16/
sudo python blinkLEDs-RPP-UIO-16.py